Deep Sky Object (DSO) Catalogs Commonly Referenced by Astronomers

 

 

Common Abbrev.

Other Common Term(s)

 

Authors/Origin

 

Publication Title or Content

 

Date

 

Abell

 

Abell galaxy clusters are usually referred to as AGC (Abell Galaxy Cluster) if from the original Abell catalog, or as RCG (Rich Cluster of Galaxies) if from its southern extension.

  

 

 

G.O. Abell

 

 

The Distribution of Rich Clusters of Galaxies

 

 

1958

AM

Arp-Madore

 

Halton C. Arp, Barry F. Madore

 

 

A Catalogue of Southern Peculiar Galaxies and Associations

 

1987

ARC

"Abell Rich Cluster"

 

See "Abell" above.

 

 

 

 

 

Arp

 

 

Halton C. Arp

 

 

Globular Clusters in the Galaxy

 

1965

B

Barnard

 

Edward Emerson Barnard

 

Catalogue of 349 Dark Objects in the Sky

 

1927

Bark

Bar

 

K.A. Barkhatova

 

Clusters in the region of the North America Nebula

 

 

1958

Basel

Bas

 

Basel Astronomical Institute

 

A Catalogue of Galactic Star Clusters Observed in Three Colours

  

 

1971

Berk

Berkeley

 

Univ. of Calif. at Berkeley (observations were first published by Gösta Lyngċ)

  

 

Catalogue of Star Clusters and Associations

 

1958

Biur

Biurakan

 

Victor Ambartsumian (Director of the Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory which he founded in 1946)

  

 

Soobscenija Bjurakanskoj observatorii 2, 7

 

1949

Bochum

 

 

Astronomical Institute, Ruhr Univ., Bochum, Germany

     

 

Catalog of Star Clusters

 

1975

Ced

Cederblad

 

S. Cederblad

 

Catalog of Bright Diffuse Galactic Nebulae

  

 

1946

Cr

Collinder

 

Per Collinder

 

[Catalogue of 471 open clusters]

 

1931

Czernik

 

 

M. Czernik

 

New Open Star Clusters

 

1966

Do

Dolidze

 

Madona Dolidze

 

[Open clusters]

 

1966

DoDz

Dolidze- Dzimselejsvili

 

Madona Dolidze & G. N. Dzimselejsvili

 

[Open clusters]

 

1966

E

ESO

 

Agnès Ackers et al.

 

The Strasbourg-European Southern Observatory (ESO) Catalogue of Galactic Planetary Nebulae

 

1992

Haffner

 

 

H. Haffner

 

New Galactic Star Clusters in the Southern Milky Way

 

1957

Harvard

H

 

Harlow Shapley

 

Star Clusters (Appendix B)

 

1930

Hb

Hubble

 

Edwin Powell Hubble

 

Twelve new planetary nebulae

 

1921

He-2

He2

 

Karl G. Henize

 

Observations of Southern Planetary Nebulae

 

1967

Hogg

 

 

Helen Sawyer Hogg

 

Catalogues of Variable Stars in Globular Clusters

 

1939, '55, '73

HP

Haute-Provence

 

From the Haute-Provence observatory in southeastern France

 

A globular cluster discovered by Dufay, Berthier and Morignat in 1954

 

1954

J

Jonckheere

 

Robert Jonckheere

 

[Catalogue of Planetary Nebulae]

 

1916

King

K

 

Ivan R. King

 

Some New Galactic Clusters

 

1949

LBN

Lynds Bright Nebula

 

B.T. Lynds

 

Catalogue of Bright Nebulae

 

1965

LDN

Lynds Dark Nebula

 

B.T. Lynds

 

Catalogue of Dark Nebulae

 

1962

Lynga

Ly

 

Gösta Lyngċ (at Lund Observatory)

 

Catalogue of Star Clusters and Associations

 

1958

M1

 

 

Rudolph Leo Minkowski

 

New Emission Nebulae (Minkowski's first list)

 

1946

M2

 

 

Rudolph Leo Minkowski

 

(Minkowski's second list)

 

 

M3

 

 

Rudolph Leo Minkowski

 

(Minkowski's third list)

 

 

M4

 

 

Rudolph Leo Minkowski

 

(Minkowski's fourth list)

 

 

Me

Merrill

 

P.W. Merrill

 

Distant Planetary Nebulae

 

1941

Mel

Melotte

 

Philibert Jacques Melotte

 

A catalogue of star clusters shown on the Franklin-Adams chart plates

 

1915

Mrk

Markarian

 

The Armenian astronomer Benjamin Eghishe Markarian, with V.A Lipovetskii, J.A. Stepanian, L.K. Erastova, and A.I. Shapovalova

 

Catalog of Galaxies with UV Continuum

 

1989

Palomar

Pal

 

Very faint globular clusters discovered within the POSS (Palomar Observatory Sky Survey)

 

From the National Geographic Society-Palomar Observatory Sky Survey

 

1955

Pismis

Pi

 

Paris Pismis

 

Nuevos Cumulos Estelares en Regiones del Sur

 

1959

PK

 

 

Lubos Perek & Lubos Kohoutek

 

Catalogue of Galactic Planetary Nebulae

 

1967

Ru

Ruprecht

 

J. Ruprecht, G. Alter, & V. Vanysek

 

Catalogue of Star Clusters & Associations

 

1970

Sh2

Sharpless

 

Stewart Sharpless

 

A Catalogue of H II Regions

 

1959

Steph

Stephenson

 

C. B. Stephenson

 

[Open clusters]

 

1959

Stock

 

 

Jürgen Stock

 

[Open clusters]

 

1956 & 1957

Ter

Terzan

 

Agop Terzan

 

[Catalog of 11 globular clusters discovered by Agop Terzan (France) in the infrared]

 

1966 - 1967

Tombaugh

Tom

 

Clyde Tombaugh

 

Tombaugh (the discoverer of Pluto at Lowell Observatory) published three successive "Small Lists of Open Clusters"

 

1938, 1941

Tr

Trümpler

 

Robert J. Trümpler

 

Preliminary Results on the Distances, Dimensions and Space Distribution of Open Star Clusters

 

1930

UKS

UK Schmidt

 

M Malkan, D.E.Kleinmann, and J. Apt

 

Infrared studies of Globular Clusters near the Galactic Center

 

1980

vdB

van den Bergh

 

Sidney van den Bergh

 

A Study of Reflection Nebulae

 

1966

vdB-Ha

van den Bergh-Hagen

 

S. Van den Bergh and G. L. Hagen

 

A Uniform Survey of Clusters in the Southern Milky Way

 

1975

Vy

 

 

A. N. Vyssotsky

 

[Planetary Nebulae]

 

1942 & 1945

Waterloo

Wa

 

M. P. Fitzgerald, R. Boudreault, M. Fich, M. Luiken,and A. N. Witt

 

[Open clusters]

 

1979

Westr

Westerlund

 

A. F. J. Moffat, N. Vogt

 

Southern Open Star Clusters

 

1975

 

 

Created by Ted Kurkowski

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